The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Project is committed to achieving the highest performance in safety, health, and environmental management practices with the aim of creating and maintaining a safe and healthy working and operating environment. The Safety Program focuses on personnel and equipment safety throughout the design, construction, and operation phases of the project. The Program addresses working conditions and procedures, as well as the management structure and design features that impact safety throughout the LSST Project.
The LSST Project is centrally managed but executed by several teams in distributed locations and with different funding sponsors. The LSST Safety Program (LPM-18) covers all LSST Project efforts while recognizing and relying on existing Safety, Health and Environmental policies in place at participating institutions.
A Project Safety Council has been established that consists of independent safety professionals. The purpose of this council is to evaluate program effectiveness; consult on safety, health, and environmental issues; provide policy advice; and make recommendations to the LSST Director. The Project Safety Council will meet at a minimum yearly, or at appropriate intervals as required and determined by the Council and LSST Head of Safety.
LSST will conduct periodic design and procedure reviews focused on compliance to the Safety Policy and applicable standards. The frequency of the reviews will be commensurate with the stage of the project as defined in the Project Management Plan. Reviews will be led by the LSST Safety Manager with support from other safety professionals. They will focus on specific subsystems of the observatory, contracted efforts, the observatory as a whole, and the Safety Policy itself. Each subsystem will conduct periodic Risk assessment and hazard analyses to be included in the reviews. Contractor hazard analysis will also be reviewed consistent with deliverables established in contract documents. A Project level safety review will be conducted at a minimum of yearly, while other reviews and their scope will be determined by the Project Manager and LSST Safety Manager during the project period.
A key element of the safety review process is the assessment of hardware designs, construction and operational processes, hazard analysis results and the interaction with the LSST Risk Management process (see document LPM-20). There are three types of risk associated with the project: 1) Technical Risk, consisting of the risk of not meeting performance requirements; 2) Programmatic Risk, which consists of the risk of project failure due to cost or schedule overruns; and 3) Risk of Harm, personnel and equipment safety. LSST Risk Management focuses on items 1 and 2 and this Safety Policy focuses on item 3. There are interdependencies that are managed within system engineering and the safety review process.